Copihue Our National Flower

Clasificación Científica:
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Plantae

Magnoliophyta

Liliopsida

Liliales

Philesiaceae

Lapageria

Lapageria rosea

 

Alupra presents our national flower as a noble offering for the Premium market. It is a sophisticated representation of the copihue flower’s natural habitat, a flower that can be seen hanging from the trees in the wet areas of southern Chile.

 

The copihue is unquestionably considered the most beautiful of our flora. The intense red of its hanging flowers that glisten among the dark leaves of the trees make them a proud adornment of our forests. It is no wonder that the honor of being our national flower has been bestowed upon them. The copihue, special and slow growing, takes a full calendar year between flowering and producing ripe, edible fruit or seeds that are ready for planting. This species makes its admirers wait for it and come to love it.

 

The seed, which is usually viable in March, germinates about 3 or 4 months after it is planted and reaches maturity 5 to 7 years later, when it flowers for the first time. The copihue flower is admired by all Chileans. The Mapuche use it in their jewelry and cast it as a main character in many of their legends.

 

The huasos, (Chilean cowboys), feature the flower in many of their adornments, and the copihue also makes an appearance in garlands and the national independence holidays.

 

Those of use who are neither huasos nor Mapuche appreciate the beauty of this flower and the deep, patriotic meaning that it gives to all Chileans.

 

The copihue is in grave danger of extinction due to indiscriminate harvesting. This brought about the enactment of Decree 129 on April 1, 1971,which controls copihue possession, transport, exploitation and commercialization (Appendix 1). The copihue flower has been our national flower from time immemorial, but it was not until January 20, 1977 that Supreme Decree 62 is issued and is published on February 14, 1977 in the official newspaper, naming the copihue as CHILE’S NATIONAL FLOWER. Our national flower is admired the world over and is recognized as such and is named in all written work as the national flower of Chile, the lily of Chile or the Chilean bellflower. The copihue is endemic to the south of Chile and Argentina, though in the latter there is not much interest in the plant and it is not mentioned in significant studies.

 

The copihue is considered a rarity outside Chile and has a high market value. However, it is not easily available and other countries do not have the varieties that still grow in Chile.

 

The majority of the copihues that have been exported in the last 50 years have been from El Vergel nursery in Angol, Chile.